Cool season flowers, these miniature pansy like blooms are a perennial favorite in cottage gardens world wide. See tips on how to grow Heartsease in the landscape.
Viola tricolor plants have been around for centuries and were used in salads and teas, as well as charming ground covers in mixed flower beds.
Preferred Conditions: Viola tricolors prefer moist, rich soil but will easily spread to even other, less than ideal, areas of the garden. Sunny areas may be too hot in southern climates, while shady areas may be too cold in northern zones. Depending on location these little ‘violets’ may grow in full sun to full shade.
Companion Plants: Viola tricolors do well with other Cottage Garden Plants and will serve nicely as a ground cover for a mixed perennial border. Try other cool season annual plants to create a sparkling spring and fall landscape.
Seasons of Interest: The evergreen leaves do nicely as a winter ground cover when other plants often do not have any foliage. Then in the spring and fall, Johnny jump-ups have charming, five-petaled flowers that resemble miniature pansies.
Uses in the Garden: Use Viola tricolor plants to add sparkling jewels of color throughout the garden. Scatter them throughout a mixed border for an evergreen ground cover. Johnny jump-ups are small plants so if you want to make an accent planting of them put them in a container and bring them higher to eye level, perhaps as a small centerpiece on a patio table.
They will naturalize easily throughout a woodland, lawn or perennial border so be sure you want them there before spreading the seeds around.
Other Uses: Viola tricolors are edible and can be used to decorate cakes, salads or other dishes. Gourmet chiefs will often sugar the flowers to keep the blooms looking beautiful and add to fancy dishes as an attractive garnish.
These miniature violets are cheerful-faced and easy to grow in a wide variety of garden situations. Gardeners who sow seeds generously throughout their landscapes will find yearly blooms reward them with color and fragrance.