Spring Lawn Care: How to Maintain Your Lawn in the Spring (2023)

The season’s coming is signaled by the blooming of the first crocuses and daffodils when spring is in the air. These early sings also indicate that it’s time to prepare your lawn.

The climate in your area determines the precise timing of lawn care tasks. Start when you are certain the snow has stopped if there is snow in your location. Alternately, begin your yardwork when the local lilac bushes and forsythia plants blossom.

In order to maintain a healthy lawn throughout the rest of the year, there are several things that homeowners in the majority of areas should do in the spring. You’ll start out on the right foot if you make a checklist of these actions.

Lawn Care Maintain Lawn in Spring

What is Thatch?

The layer of last year’s dead turf grass is known as thatch. The health of your grass may decline if this layer grows to be too thick (1/2 inch or more), but a thin coating naturally defends the soil by keeping moisture and nutrients in.

Consider this to be a lawn spring cleaning. It’s best to hold off until the lawn becomes green, a sign that the grass blades are well rooted and the plants are actively growing, as turfgrasses are fairly delicate and sensitive in the early spring.

Rake gently but thoroughly with a flexible leaf rake to aid in removing dense thatch. If you see a lot of grass blades clumped together, snow mold, a lawn disease, may be to blame. Raking can eliminate the problem. These matted places could make it harder for new grass to grow.

Spring lawn care can be done in below various easy steps. Follow these tips for a healthy lawn and have a green, beautiful yard for summer.

Rake Gently 

Rake Gently  Although there may still be a few leaves on the ground, the main goal of early spring raking is to get rid of thatch that is deeper than 1/2 inch.

Aerate If Necessary

Soil compaction may occur on your lawn if there is a lot of foot movement, such as running and playing frequently in the same area.

A lawn aerator makes holes in the grass so that air and water can enter the soil and reach the roots. At a big-box hardware shop, you may rent a lawn aerator, or if you have a tiny lawn, you can do it by hand.

Although spring is not the best season to aerate the grass, there are times when it is necessary. It could be required to aerate the soil in the spring if it is so compacted that the present grass cannot grow there.

However, spring aerating is typically discouraged since the aeration holes offer the ideal environment for weed seeds to develop. The first seeds to sprout in the spring are lawn weeds, notably crabgrass, and aerating the lawn stirs them up and provides them with an excellent habitat.

If you have to aerate in the spring, you might want to wait until around Memorial Day, when weeds have already begun to sprout but before they set seed.

Assess The Soil

The presence of moss on the ground may also indicate acidic soil. The pH scale determines the acidity or alkalinity of soil, with a pH value of 7 denoting completely neutral soil. Alkaline soils measure higher than 7, whereas acidic soils have pH values lower than 7.

Since grass prefers a neutral pH, moss can flourish in soil that is well out of this range. To return the pH to the ideal range for growing grass, a number of soil amendments can be used. One typical way for raising the pH of acidic soils is to add ground limestone. However, because the liming develops gradually, this is not a rapid remedy.

Send a sample of your soil to your neighborhood cooperative extension office so they can evaluate how acidic it is before you apply any soil additions. The cooperative extension office is a free educational tool that provides aid in agriculture, horticulture, and other specialties based on scientific principles. Simply give them a call, look them up online, or stop by your neighborhood extension office, and they’ll tell you how much lime you’ll need per square foot. To apply the lime, you will need a fertilizer drop spreader.

Having an acidic lawn might also be a result of the soil. To reduce the pH of very alkaline soils, your extension office can suggest using a top-dressing of compost or elemental sulfur.


A grass seed treatment may be necessary to fill up barren patches on a lawn caused by dog messes, a lot of traffic, or neglect. Spreading seed over already-existing grass is known as overseeding. When overseeding, use a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer (starter fertilizer). Until it has sprouted and is actively developing, keep the fresh seed wet. You may start a regular fertilization schedule with quick-release nitrogen fertilizer five weeks after the grass sprouts and germinates.

While overseeding the entire lawn is extremely typical to maintain a thick and healthy grass, it is also feasible to apply seed simply to the obvious bare places. This is an additional approach to diversify the grass seed on your yard. For instance, overseeding a formerly gloomy lawn with a sunny-grass mixture can help it grow even if you just lost some shade trees.

Though fall is the ideal time to overseed, you may also do it in spring if your grass is in desperate need of assistance. You may have to deal with crabgrass that grows and feeds on the fertilizer.


By applying a topdressing of compost to the lawn or using a mulching mower to turn grass clippings into a healthy supply of nitrogen, lawns may be fed naturally. But the ScottsMiracle-Gro firm offers a commonly used fertilization regimen for lawns that includes a spring feeding for individuals who like the quick-acting effects of a chemical fertilizer.

For cool-season grasses, several experts advise a lighter feeding in the spring and a heavier one in the late fall. If you fertilized in the late fall, your lawn still has fertilizer to feed on in the spring, but too much fertilizer in the spring might cause disease and weed problems.

Apply Pre-Emergent Herbicides

The goal of spring lawn care for individuals who like weed-free lawns is to avoid weeds as well as to promote healthy lawn development. Not all lawn weeds can be eliminated in the same way. You will apply either a pre-emergent herbicide or a post-emergent herbicide depending on whether a weed is annual or perennial.

Crabgrass is an annual weed that is quite difficult to get rid of, so you may need to use both to combat it. In the spring, when temperatures range from 65 to 70 degrees for many days, crabgrass starts its assault on lawns. Herbicides used before to the emergence of weed seedlings are known as pre-emergent herbicides. They function by establishing a chemical barrier in the soil’s top layer that covers seeds and stops them from establishing roots and branches.

Avoid performing any core aeration if you are applying pre-emergent herbicides until the autumn. You’ll damage the barrier and lessen the weed killer’s potency.

Additionally, be aware that the majority of pre-emergent herbicides also affect grass seeds. If you additionally use a conventional pre-emergent herbicide, overseeding is not particularly successful. When applying pre-emergent weed killer, it is best to wait until early fall to overseed with turfgrass seed.

Apply Post-Emergent Herbicides (Or Pull Spring Weeds)

Dandelions are cheery yellow flowers that initially bloom in the spring and are obstinate perennial growers. Snap off the flower stalks of this weed before they set seed if you want to get rid of it. Or, if you’re feeling very daring, dig them out by the roots using a device that will remove the entire root and prevent it from growing again. There are several weed-popping tools that work well available.

Get a post-emergent herbicide designed for broadleaf weeds if you decide to spray dandelions with one. The dandelion greens may be manually harvested if you have an organic green thumb and don’t use pesticides or herbicides on your lawn.

Chickweed, white clover, wild violets, and other spring weeds are also problematic; however, they often emerge after dandelions, in late spring and into summer.

Service The Lawnmower

The arrival of spring also signals that it’s time to inspect the lawnmower. Start it up; obstinate starts are an indication that it could need a tune-up. Once a year, give your lawn mower a tune-up. You can repair your mower in just three simple steps. Consider purchasing a new lawnmower if your current one requires more than a simple tune-up.

Sharpening the mower blade is one of the primary tune-up procedures. Regular sharpening will guarantee that the grass plants are severed rather than torn, resulting in a lovely green lawn rather than one with ragged brown tips.

Kill Lawn Weeds

Herbicides used before and after weeds develop in the spring are necessary. If you don’t overlook, that is. Pre-emergent herbicides prevent the development of fresh grass seeds, therefore overseeding and using them at the same time are compatible.

If you opt against overseeding, go on the offensive with pre-emergent herbicides to prevent any future weed growth.

You may either use a post-emergent herbicide to manage weeds like dandelions that have emerged on your springtime lawn rather than pulling them out by hand, which is frequently time-consuming and inefficient. This kind is actively eradicating weeds that have already established roots.

Eliminate Grubs

What’s left now that the labor-intensive work has been done? You ought to look for grubs. During the spring, these pesky pests—pale, white, ravenous beetle larval stage itself on grass roots. There are several techniques to get rid of grubs.

First, you might use conventional pesticides, which exterminate these unpleasant insects using chemicals. Consider an organic option if you want to make a green choice. Neem oil or milky spore powder-containing items can be used, or helpful nematodes can be introduced.

A deadly delight for grubs is milky spore powder. A grub consumes milky spore, a naturally occurring bacterium, and within three weeks the spore multiplies within the grub, killing it from the inside out. A natural insecticide called neem oil deters grubs and prevents adult beetles from eating and laying eggs.

Additionally, you can add advantageous nematodes to eliminate the grubs. The greatest nightmare of a grub is these roundworms. They have a healthy bacteria in their intestines that may kill a grub in one to two days. Remember that these organic solutions are more expensive than their chemical-based alternatives.