How To Take Care Of Your Bonsai and Make It Grow

What is a Bonsai Tree?

How To Take Care of Bonsai

A bonsai tree is a little tree that is cultivated in a pot. In fact, the Japanese word “bonsai” literally translates to “placed in a container.”

Since the early 14th century, Japanese culture has included the technique of growing these little trees, known as bonsai. In the past, bonsai was a type of art that was only appreciated by the richest nobles and prominent members of Japanese society. Nowadays, anybody may enjoy bonsai.

Indoors or Outdoors?

If your bonsai is a deciduous tree, it will benefit from being outside so that it may experience the weather that it naturally thrives in. Even a little deciduous tree maintained indoors won’t receive the essential exposure to cold for its winter dormant season. The cycle of a tree’s growth includes this essential phase.

The gradual increase in sunshine exposure that comes with the changing of the seasons will be beneficial to your bonsai tree as well. Despite this, you should still safeguard your bonsai from hazardous weather or any potential harm. So, if a storm is predicted, bring your bonsai inside for the duration of the severe weather or place it under an awning to protect it from the wind, heavy rain, or snow.

A deciduous bonsai may be grown inside year-round, but the best place for it is a sunny window where it will receive lots of natural light and fresh air.

You will need to transfer your bonsai indoors for a few months until the risk of frost has gone if it is a tropical plant and you reside in a growing zone with harsh winters. Additionally, you’ll need to take great care to ensure that your bonsai receives enough moisture and humidity, as interior heating systems can negatively impact these conditions.

Bonsai Tree Care

At first, maintaining a bonsai tree may seem difficult. Here are some pointers to help you easily maintain a bonsai tree. We also produced a practical handbook with basic recommendations for simple reference.

Knowing the type of tree and whether it is an indoor or outdoor plant will help you choose the ideal place to exhibit your bonsai.

The most popular bonsai tree varieties, such juniper, pine, and spruce trees, are outside plants and should experience the changing of the seasons like their bigger counterparts. There are also deciduous trees, or trees whose leaves vary with the seasons, in outdoor bonsai. These include gingko, maple, and elms.

Most indoor bonsai trees are subtropical species that benefit from constant temperatures all year round. These include ficus trees, jade plants, and Hawaiian umbrella trees.

The rest is quite easy once you know what kind of bonsai tree you have. Here are some placement guidelines for bonsai trees that are generally applicable to all different kinds of bonsai plants.


It might be challenging to choose the best location for your bonsai trees since a variety of criteria (such as the local temperature, the season, etc.) must be taken into account. The type of tree, and specifically whether your bonsai is an indoor or outdoor tree, is what ultimately matters.


Five to six hours a day of direct sunshine are required for bonsais. You can adjust the amount of hours (up to 16 daily) that your tree receives sunshine to make up for its position in an area with less strong sunlight. To prevent harm to your tree, transfer it gradually from a low-light region to one that has more direct, strong light. Avoid using artificial (incandescent) lighting since your bonsai won’t grow correctly without a full spectrum of light.

According to your circumstances, constantly shifting the placement of your tree may be the best course of action for achieving a balance of lighting, humidity, and temperature because external elements fluctuate continually depending on the season and time of day.


Watering is the most crucial aspect of caring for your bonsai trees. How frequently a tree has to be watered varies on a number of variables, including the tree’s species, size, container size, season, soil composition, and environment. Without knowing what sort of tree you have, I can’t advise you on how frequently to water your bonsai. But knowing a few fundamental rules can help you comprehend and recognize when a tree needs to be watered.

Soil Conditions

It is crucial to select soil for your tree that is ideal for bonsai. Consider a soil combination with the proper texture and an even distribution of the components, such a conifer blend.

A good potting soil promotes the most aeration and water drainage possible. While preserving some moisture for the plant, it will enable standing water in the soil to flow off. Always use soil with a proper pH level, especially between 6.5 and 7.5.


Since they are often planted in tiny pots, these ornamental plants require more fertilizer than many other indoor plants. In general, potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus fertilizers are ideal for bonsai plants because they promote root growth, blooming, and the green color of the leaves. It is best to get fertilizer designed specifically for bonsai from a trustworthy supplier.


Repotting your plant on a regular basis is vital to create an atmosphere that stimulates the tree’s growth and development. The soonest following winter is the best time to move your bonsai to a new container. This is due to the fact that throughout the dormant season, plants store a lot of energy in their roots, which they may use for development as soon as summer arrives.

Repotting is often required every one to five years. Repotting will be necessary more frequently (about once a year) for faster-growing and younger trees, but less frequently for older ones (closer to every five years).

Pruning and Trimming

While some people prefer to hire seasoned gardeners to prune, shape, and wire their bonsai trees, you may simply accomplish these things yourself. Although structural pruning is best done as the plant starts to develop following the dormant season, maintenance trimming may be done at any time of the year. Use sharp trimming tools to prevent damaging your tree by keeping that in mind.

Only remove branches and shoots from your plant that appear to have grown past the ideal canopy in order to give it the greatest possible form. Always follow structural pruning with precise wiring for optimal outcomes.