Banana Pepper Planting Guide: How To Grow Banana Peppers From Home

Banana peppers need a long growth season, warm soil, and lots of sunlight to grow. In all but the warmest zones, banana peppers must be started from transplants. The banana pepper comes in a variety of forms. These fruits are picked when they are yellow, orange, or even red in color and come in sweet pepper or hot pepper variants. You may either pick the fruit early for the hottest flavor or later for a mellower, sweeter flavor, depending on the amount of heat you choose.

Choose Banana Pepper Seeds

Banana peppers vary widely from one another. The choice of seeds is one of the most underrated yet crucial aspects in producing any crop. To grow in your yard, you need pick the best banana pepper type for your preferences.

Banana Pepper

Growing Banana Peppers (Hungarian Wax Chile)

Popular Banana Pepper Types:

Sweet Banana Peppers

You should cultivate sweet banana peppers if you don’t enjoy spicy meals. The hybrid called “Goddess” produces very enormous pods that are 8 to 9 inches long and have considerable disease resistance.

Hot Banana Peppers

The ‘blazing banana’ cultivar is renowned for its thick, crisp bananas and moderate heat. They are excellent for cold areas because, like the majority of banana peppers, they are suitable for harvesting early in the season.

Hot Hungarian Wax

Hot Hungarian wax You may now purchase seeds of hot wax peppers. Pods typically measure 4-6′′ in length and are somewhat hot.

Explore your options to locate a pepper that suits you from the family of peppers known as “wax.” The waxy, glossy look of the pepper types gives them their name. All banana pepper cultivars begin as a very light shade of green and later mature to shades of yellow, orange, and red.

Get Growing Supplies

If you prepare in advance, growing banana peppers will go much more smoothly. Like with any activity, buying expensive equipment and supplies may be quite expensive. If you like to keep things straightforward, there is no need.


  • Seeds (or started plants)
  • Potting soil
  • Small pots or seedling cells
  • 3-5 gallon containers (unless growing in-ground)
  • Fertilizer: If you want to grow plants in pots, watering or heavy rain might wash away nutrients. Buy some quality fertilizer to keep your plants healthy until you can harvest them.

Additional Materials:

  • Seed heating mat: This keeps the soil between 80 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit before to sprouting, which hastens germination.
  • Thermometer – While your plants are indoors, it’s a good idea to keep an eye on the temperature and humidity.
  • Grow light
  • Water spray bottle

You may start any pepper type from seed using these materials. However, planting a seed and waiting are not the only steps involved. Your plants will require the proper quantity of fertilizers, water, and light in addition to careful monitoring to identify any emerging problems.

In Ground Or In Pots?

Banana peppers are excellent potted plants, but a sizable container is required. I would advise beginning with a raised bed or in-ground garden if you have one. Plants will require little to no fertilizer, and you won’t need to water them as frequently. Following are some advantages and disadvantages of each growth technique:

In The Ground

Once established, in-ground plants require minimal upkeep. Mulched soil retains moisture far longer than that of potted plants. Rich garden soil doesn’t often require fertilizer to grow veggies. However, once transplanted, in-ground plants are difficult to transfer.

Potted Plants

For a beginner gardener, potted plants are excellent. They are portable and may be cultivated in confined locations like balconies. However, they will require regular fertilization and considerably more frequent watering (often 1-2 times per day on hot summer days).

You are prepared to begin growing your banana peppers after you have a strategy in place. Your seeds need to be sown next, so let’s start gardening!

How To Plant Banana Peppers

In the correct conditions, banana peppers are simple to cultivate, much like the majority of pepper cultivars. Banana pepper plants must be started inside and transplanted after the last frost in colder locations since they need heat and a long growth season. In warm, frost-free climates, banana peppers can be planted at any time. The ideal temperature range for banana pepper growth is between 60 and 75 °F.

1. Start Your Seeds Indoors

Indoors, sow banana pepper seeds on a seed-starting tray. Typically, you should do this 40 to 60 days before you intend to move your banana peppers outside.

2. Ensure That Your Seedlings Get Plenty Of Sun.

At least eight hours of sunshine each day are required for peppers. Keep seedlings in a warm, bright area where the soil can maintain a constant temperature of 60°F or above.

3. Transplant Seedlings Outside.

You may bring your banana pepper plants outside after the last frost. Find a location that receives full sun before transplanting. Create holes that are twice as wide and the same depth as the root balls of your seedlings. Pepper seedlings should be spaced at least eight inches apart.

How To Care For Banana Peppers

Monitor your banana pepper plants carefully for the following dangers to ensure their health:

1. Remove Pests.

Pests include aphids, cutworms, flea beetles, thrips, and whiteflies can harm banana peppers. Pests can be eliminated by manually removing them off the plant or by washing the leaves in horticultural soap.

2. Take Precautions Against Disease.

A fungus may grow on wet leaves. Use a drip irrigation system or water by hand at the plant’s base rather than from above to prevent illness.

3. Ensure That Soil Stays Moist.

Blossom end rot can affect banana peppers. Keep the soil continuously wet during the whole growing season to avoid blossom end rot. Mulch will aid with moisture retention and stop weeds from encroaching on your pepper patch.

How To Harvest Banana Peppers

Banana peppers may be harvested once they reach maturity (about 60 to 75 days after transplanting) and transition from green to yellow. At this point, they range in size from four to eight inches depending on the cultivar. When harvesting, avoid yanking the plant by cutting the pepper stems with shears or a sharp knife about half an inch from the top of the fruit.

Although banana peppers will keep ripening until they become red, their flavor is at its most when they are still yellow. Sweet banana peppers are acidic and mild, not to be mistaken with the related (but much hotter) Hungarian wax pepper. Try preserving any leftover banana peppers if you have a plentiful harvest. A traditional Italian sandwich topper, sour pickled banana peppers last for months in the fridge.

Growing Banana Pepper Plants In Containers

Consider adding stakes or a tomato cage to the pot once your banana pepper seeds have germinated and started to develop in their container. Including a stake or cage gives your plant support as it develops and allows it to get enough sunlight.

Tie branches with peppers on them to the cage or stake to prevent your plant from being weighed down by the developing peppers. Because plants cultivated in containers lose water more quickly than plants grown in the ground, water your plant frequently.

How To Harvest Banana Peppers

Banana peppers are ready for harvest when they reach a length of four to eight inches and start to curve, which indicates that they are fully grown. Approximately 70 days following transplantation, maturity occurs.

Although the cultivar can affect the color of your banana peppers, they are normally a light yellow tint. Peppers may have a small orange or red tint around the tips when harvested; this is typical.

When picking banana peppers, avoid tugging on the plant as this might harm it. Use garden shears or a sharp knife to cut the fruit from the plant.

Once picked, store your peppers in the refrigerator for a limited time.

Avoiding Disease On Your Banana Pepper Plants

Your banana pepper plant is susceptible to disease and insect infestation, much like related pepper plants like bell or jalapeño peppers. One approach to prevent becoming sick is to keep insects away as many insects serve as disease carriers.

Another approach to prevent mold from spreading on your plants is to use wise watering methods. Water your plant just at the base, not the foliage, and avoid overwatering.

Additionally, utilizing disease-free soil and sowing high-quality seeds, such as heritage varieties, will help your plant stay healthy.

What is Blossom End Rot?

Blossom end rot is a condition spurred on by environmental causes rather than a disease that has afflicted your plant. A calcium deficit causes blossom end rot. Calcium insufficiency is brought on by alterations or stresses to soil moisture. Wet weather at the beginning of the growth season, followed by hot temperatures, causes soil stress.

A decrease in calcium may also be caused by an increase in nitrogen in the soil. The plant may not be able to accumulate enough calcium in the soil to keep up with its growth after fertilizer has been added to promote plant growth.

Your fruit starts to rot when the area at the base where the stem and fruit connect becomes wet. If banana peppers have blossom end rot, you can tell right once that they aren’t good.

This area rots away and turns brown over time. The affected fruit can be removed to stop the problem from spreading later in the season, but persistent rot kills your entire crop.

Whether you like spicier or sweeter peppers, growing banana peppers in your own garden is a satisfying way to add fresh vegetables to your diet. We really hope that our planting advice for banana peppers was useful.

Please share our gardening advice on growing banana peppers with your family and friends on Facebook and Pinterest. Knowing how to grow banana peppers guarantees you take the greatest care of your plant on its route to harvest.


How Long Do Banana Peppers Take To Grow

The growth of a completely grown plant from sown banana pepper seeds typically takes around 75 days.

How Big Do Banana Peppers Get

Banana pepper plants often grow to a height of 2 to 3 feet (or 75 centimeters). However, depending on the kind, this might vary.

How Much Sunlight Do Banana Peppers Need

In order to thrive, banana peppers require at least 6 hours of direct sunshine each day. Make sure your plants are placed in an area with enough sunshine. Otherwise, they might not develop normally.

How Much Water Do Banana Peppers Need

The ideal soil for banana peppers is one that drains well and is maintained constantly moist—not drenched or soggy. Depending on the sort of soil you have access to, a different amount of water will be required to create this effect.

Make sure to water your banana peppers on a regular, routine basis. This will ensure a strong, even crop from the plant.

Banana peppers grown in containers will require more regular watering than banana peppers grown in the ground.

Your banana peppers will show dehydration symptoms when their leaves wilt, turn yellow, and/or the plant starts to droop. But be cautious—this can also occur if the plant receives an excessive amount of water. The majority of new gardeners find this balance to be challenging. However, you’ll be able to assess how thirsty your banana peppers are more accurately the more time you spend with them.