How To Plant Grass Seed: A 7-Step Guide

By Ann Sanders | Lawn Care

how to plant grass seed

Seeing your neighbour’s yard can be frustrating, especially if theirs is filled with lush greenery, and enveloped with a somewhat blanket of soft grass. Worse is when you come to your property, and all you see is loose dirt, some twigs and sad patches of grass. You try to water it daily, but still there is no luck in getting that beautiful balance of greens distributed.

​If patience and determination is put to work however, nothing is impossible. If you’re reading this article during the fall season, then there isn't much time as now is generally the best season to start mending your lawn. If however it’s summer, then you have all the time to prepare, and see the fruits of your labor by spring.

How To Plant Grass Seed: 7-Step Guide #grassseed #gardening #agreenhand

​The things needed in your journey to a better yard will be:

  • Water
  • Grass seeds
  • Shovel
  • Rake
  • Broadcast spreader

Surprised? Well these five things really are just the only things you’ll need. Planting grass seed is an easy process that not many homeowners know about because of the stigma that making anything grow is hard work.

​Let’s divide the planting process into 7 steps.

​Step 1: Do A Soil Test

ph up and down for soil

There is a reason why your lawn is unable to give life to grass or plants, it may be that the nutrients in it are not enough to allow growth. Buy a soil test kit and follow the instructions to fill up with water and soil. This is a DIY test kit that shows the pH level of your soil, therefore giving you an idea on whether you need to add lime for acidic soil, peat moss, or sulfur for very alkaline soil. Skip this step if you know your soil is capable of harbouring growth, but just need a little fertilizer for additional preparation.

Step 2: Clean The Soil

When we say clean, it’s not really about washing the soil but about picking up and removing all the unnecessary elements seen on it. Before any application or preparation could be done, remove all debris from the area. Twigs, sticks, paper, plastics, or stones are some of the things to look out for.

Areas with prominent weed growth should also be taken care of, remove these and take care not to scatter any more of their seeds. In doing so you are saving yourself from the hassle of picking the stones up while spreading the seeds. These debris can hinder growth and the germination process of the seeds.

​Step 3 - Prepare The Soil

topsoil vs compost

Like any other project, preparing the base is the most important process if you want the succeeding steps to be fruitful. Once you’ve determined which items to add to your soil, rake through the whole area. Loosening the soil will allow for better nutrient absorption and make it ready to receive grass seeds.

After raking the soil, level it and start with spreading the fertilizer, lime, or sulfur using a broadcast or drop spreader. Evenly coat all the areas to ensure no areas are left with no nutrients. Lightly water the soil after this step to seal the nutrients, but do not oversaturate.

​Step 4: Plant The Grass Seed

when to cut grass after overseeding

Once the soil is ready, go through it lightly with a rake to prepare for the seeds. Choose the best grass seed that you think you can maintain in terms of the water and the amount of maintenance it requires. Some grasses grow faster, so bear in mind to ask and research on these small details.

​Once you’ve purchased your seeds, place them in the spreader and allow the seeds to be scattered onto the damp loose soil. Take care, not to overpopulate the seeds in one area as this prohibits better growth. Overpopulation of seeds in one area can cause weak roots, or uneven patches because they’re competing for nutrients from the soil.

​Step 5: Cover The Grass Seeds

If you’re happy with the distribution of grass seeds then again get your rake and then lightly drag the soil to cover the grass seeds. About 1/4 inch of soil should cover the seeds to hold them in place and not be in danger of being blown away by harsh winds. Do the raking as light as you can so that positioning of seeds is not that changed but just covered for protection.

​Step 6: Lightly Water Everything

The combination you need for a healthy growth of grass is the balance of moisture and nutrients, so after covering the seeds, lightly water the soil to seal in everything. Leaving the soil moist will allow seeds to germinate easily. Do not overdo the watering, and make sure to check the weather forecast before seeding. If rainfall is in the forecast, then it is best to move the seeding on another day as this will only make the whole process useless.

​Step 7: Know How To Maintain

Every single step you did will be of no use if you have no intention to push through with the upkeep of the property. Those manicured lawns are not without hand work, so set a schedule of about 10 minutes a day to tend your growing lawn.

The germination stage and first few months of growth are the hardest, but after some time, maintenance will only involve trimming and watering.

Trim the areas wherein too much growth is seen, and water dry patches. Watch out for harmful weeds that may prohibit the growth of your grass, weed control may be your first option but take into consideration the possible harm to your grass.

​There is always a price and effort needed to obtain a specific goal. To have a better grass lawn, dedication and a little hard work is all you need. How about you? How do you plant grass seeds? Do you have a different approach? Let me know if you have any other comments, suggestions or questions about this topic and I’ll do my best to share what I can. Don’t forget to share this article if you enjoyed reading.

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How To Plant Grass Seed: 7-Step Guide #grassseed #gardening #agreenhand
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About the Author

With the endless passion for organic living, I - Ann Sanders has come up with the idea of creating A Green Hand. Being the founder and editor of A Green Hand, my goal is to provide everyone with a wide range of tips about healthy lifestyle with multiform categories including gardening, health & beauty, food recipe,...